Biomes of the world and its species
Our ecosystems are created by complex interactions and energy transfers between organisms and factors in their surrounding physical environment, such as temperature, soil, water and light. All these elements work as one system, providing us and other life forms with resources and conditions essential to our survival, and determine the nature of the Earth's biomes. For us to continue to rely on this in the future, conservation efforts are vital.
Each animal fulfills a critical role in the ecosystem it is part of, keeping its fragile balance in check.
Fresh water ecosystems.
They connect habitats, enabling nutrient cycling, filter out contaminants and provide drinking water.
They sustain all forms of life, filter out air and water, and provide oxygen and food. Plants facilitate transport of water and trace minerals within the environment.
They cover more than 70% of our planet's surface, produce over half of the world's oxygen and regulate climate and weather patterns.
They not only diminish the impact of global warming by storing carbon dioxide, but the dryness of this environment enables the production of important minerals.
They are vital for providing watershed protection, preventing soil erosion and absorbing carbon dioxide.
They are invaluable for agricultural use, act as carbon storage, promote soil health and prevent its erosion.
Being one of the coldest biomes, tundras are essential for the planet's temperature regulation.